Heat exhaustion is also very serious. Symptoms include headaches, nausea, confusion, heavy sweating, thirst, irritability and high body temperature. Anyone who experiences these symptoms should stop work, move to a cool area and drink liquids – ideally electrolyte beverages. You should try to lower the victim’s body temperature by applying a cold compress or water on their head, face, and neck.
Heat exhaustion is very dangerous, so someone should stay with the victim, and call 911 immediately if symptoms worsen. Even if the victim’s conditions improve, they should receive a medical evaluation.
Heat cramps are muscle cramps which are caused by the loss of fluid and body salts due to excessive sweating. The best way to treat this illness to rest and hydrate by drinking water or electrolyte beverages.
Heat rash is a common illness caused by sweating and humidity. It usually appears on the neck, upper chest, groin or elbow areas, and it looks like a cluster of blemishes or blisters. A victim of heat rash should move to a cooler, dryer area. They may also apply powder, but they should never apply any creams or substances that may make the skin warmer or moister.
Remember, the best way to treat these dangerous illnesses is to prevent them by making sure that everyone on your team follows heat illness prevention methods.